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Ethical Parenting in the College Admissions Process

Here’s an excellent article from Harvard’s Graduate School of Education. I believe this is a very well-written and thought-provoking article that speaks to the ethics needed for all of us in this process.

Parents and other primary caregivers shape their children’s moral development in myriad ways. They also often influence every phase of the college preparation,Harvard search, and admissions process. Yet the troubling reality is that a great many parents are fundamentally failing to prepare young people to be caring, ethical community members and citizens. That’s true in part because of the degree to which parents have elevated achievement and demoted concern for others as the primary goal of child-raising. In the following guideposts, we explore specifically how parents can guide their teen ethically, reduce excessive achievement pressure, and promote key ethical, social, and emotional capacities in teens in the college admissions process.

1. Keep the focus on your teen.

Why?

The college admissions process provides a wonderful opportunity for parents to get to know their teens in a deeper way—to understand what they are drawn to, hope for, fret about, and value in others and themselves—and to help them articulate an authentic identity in a college application. It’s also an opportunity for us to model the empathy in our relationship with our teen that is so important for them to develop in their relationships. But our needs can get confused with our teens’ needs. We may, for example, tacitly pressure our teen to attend a college to live out our dreams, reproduce or own college experience, or elevate our own social status. How can we stay focused on what’s best for our teen?

Try this:

  1. Take time to listen. In the whipped-up, frenzied atmosphere of the college admissions process, we often need to just pause and listen and get feedback. We can ask: “How involved do you want me to be in this process and what can I do to be helpful to you?” “Will you tell me if I’m involved in ways that are making this process harder for you?”

  2. Check your blind spots. Because we all have our blind spots, talk to respected and trusted friends and family about the areas where your own and your child’s views about colleges conflict and about how to handle these conflicts.

  3. Be alert to red flags. Be alert to moments when you may be confusing your interests with your teen’s. It should be a red flag for us as parents if, for example, we find ourselves peppering admissions staff with questions on college tours while our teen stands idly by; constantly assessing what our child’s school course and activity choices mean for their college applications; poring over commercial college rankings; or feeling our own self-esteem drop if our child is rejected at a particular college.

  4. Reflect on your assumptions about “good” colleges. Reflect on how important it is to you that your teen goes to a particular college or set of colleges. You might imagine how you would feel if your teen isn’t accepted. If you find yourself troubled by this prospect, consider why. What makes you believe that this college or set of colleges will be better for your teen? Do you have any data or evidence that supports that belief? Have you done research or encouraged your teen to do research on a wide range of colleges?

2. Follow your ethical GPS.

Why?

The college admissions process often tests both parents’ and teens’ ethical character. A small fraction of parents are engaged in outright unethical practices, but many more parents slip into more subtle forms of dishonesty— their own thinking and voice intrudes on college essays, for example, or they might look the other way when hired tutors are over-involved. There’s also good reason to believe that many teens lie or at least exaggerate on their college applications, and parents may either condone or half-consciously overlook these violations. According to several studies, a whopping 80-95 percent of high school students report some form of cheating in the last year, and many of these students view cheating as trivial.

We as parents need to toe the line on misrepresenting and cheating. We need to send the message that ethical standards can’t be ignored if they’re inconvenient and that success needs to be earned. Letting teens misrepresent themselves can also send the message to teens that there is something wrong with them: Why else, teens might ask themselves, would my parents write my essay or allow me to misrepresent myself?

Try this:

  1. Remember your priorities. Consider at every stage of the process whether getting into a particular college is really more important than compromising your teen’s or your own integrity.

  2. Ask for feedback. Talk to someone you really respect and trust about your involvement in your teen’s college application and ask for their honest feedback about whether you’re too involved.

  3. Work through ethical dilemmas together. Ask your teen if they think cheating or misrepresenting themselves in a college application is okay. Consider the exceptional cases when dishonesty is warranted in the service of a higher principle—when it means, for example, protecting someone from harm—and discuss whether misrepresenting oneself to get into a college one prefers really qualifies as one of these cases.

  4. Set a positive example. Talk to teens about why authenticity and honesty are critical—especially in this era of “fake news”—and about the necessity of acting in ways that will set a positive example for others.

  5. Find out what motivates your teen. Explore with teens why they might feel pressured to cheat or misrepresent themselves — do they feel ashamed or fear shaming you? Think through with them what role you might play in reducing that pressure.

3. Be authentic with your teen.

Why?

Many parents fail to have authentic, honest conversations with teens during the college admissions process about the inequalities in the system, the intense pressure in some communities to get into selective colleges, and about their own motivations and biases as parents. Some parents also send mixed messages. Teens report, for example, that their parents say that getting into a highly selective college doesn’t matter but then badger them about test scores and grades. A Boston parent acknowledges: “We tell our children one day that we just want them to go to a college where they’ll be happy and the next day we tell them they should go to the best college they can get in to.” When parents are not authentic and honest with their teens, it can make it harder for teens to express themselves authentically in their applications—and can undermine parents’ role as moral mentors and guides.

Try this:

  1. Beware of mixed messages. Ask your teen if you’re sending mixed messages about where they should go to college. If so, what are those mixed messages? In addition, ask your teen what types of messages they’re receiving from their school and community about colleges and explain to your teen why your messages are the same or different from these messages.

  2. Work through your irrational feelings. Consider sharing even your irrational feelings with your teen and talk through with someone you respect and trust how to share these feelings authentically. As parents, we may be underestimating what a relief it would be to our teens and how much it would support their maturity if we stopped dodging and shared even irrational feelings. For example, while it’s important for parents to try to manage their disappointment when their teen is rejected at a college, if you’re visibly disappointed in the presence of their teen, it might be very helpful to them if you explained why. You might explain, for example, that you always wanted to attend that college or that you were too caught up in the prestige of that college and that you recognize that these are your issues to work out.

4. Encourage your teen to contribute to others.

Why?

High school students in middle and upper class communities can be caught up in a kind of “community service Olympics.” They believe they’ll get an edge in their application if they start an entirely new project, conduct service in a faraway country, or tackle a formidable problem. Yet these factors don’t determine the value of service; nor are these factors what’s prioritized by the 180+ admissions deans who endorsed Turning the Tide.

Try this:

  1. Talk about your family’s moral anchor. Talk to your teen about why your family believes contributions to others are important, whether your views are rooted in religious beliefs, a commitment to equity and justice, or a family ethic that prioritizes our inherent responsibility to help those who are struggling.

  2. Find out what’s meaningful to your teen. Take time to explore with your teen what kind of service or contribution to others is meaningful to them. Prompt your teen to think about many types of service and many ways of contributing to others.

  3. Emphasize the value of “doing with” rather than “doing for.” Too often, service can be unintentionally patronizing to recipients and doesn’t develop in students a rich understanding of other perspectives or other cultures. You might explore with your teen opportunities for them to work in well-facilitated groups with other teens—either online or in person—from diverse backgrounds on common problems, such as bullying or harassment at school, an environmental problem, or an unsafe park. Especially given our bitterly fractured society, it’s also important for young people to work on common problems with those from different political and religious backgrounds.

  4. Help your teen reflect on their experiences with service. Talk to your teen about their experiences when engaging in these activities. What are they learning? Are they finding their work gratifying? Do they feel helpful? What kinds of challenges are they facing? Brainstorm with your teen ways they might overcome obstacles.